Search engine optimization (SEO) is such an important part of cannabis marketing, and important part of growing your cannabis business today, that you better at least know enough to know how to buy it.
SEO has really changed a lot in the last five years because of how Google has been able to innovate how they return results, meaning they’re returning results at a higher quality now, at a higher relevance, and with less dependence upon the old spammy links that we used to see with their Panda/Penguin updates. That really cleaned up their search results and it forced us as cannabis marketers to do real marketing – real content marketing – in order to win in Google. That was really the big first step in an evolution.
And then the second one, in the last few years, has really been their advancements in machine learning and artificial intelligence. Google can now take search queries that they very rarely see or have never seen before (segments of the cannabis industry) and are actually able to interpret those and rewrite those queries in a way where they can understand the intent behind them.
And then finally attached to that is just their extreme innovation with things like the knowledge graph and entities. For instance, if you search Steve Carell (he’s an actor), they know what movie’s he’s been in, what shows he’s been in, what other actors and actresses he might have relationships with. So those innovations in a broad sense are huge in the world of SEO. But I myself, as a true creative person and a true marketer that wants to do great marketing, love that because it really is pushing everyone to actually do great marketing. And so to me all those advancements are a huge positive.
Their whole mission statement as a company is to organize the world’s information. People have conspiracy theories and they think Google’s just trying to make money, etc. But their goal is really to return the best result to the user and get them off of Google.com as quickly as possible. Now there are ways that they try to keep people within Google properties, and that’s a huge balance they have to strike. But they really are trying to deliver the highest value of results to users.
Someone asked me the other day if Google is actually trying to do more of keeping the whole knowledge box. And you can get an answer to a lot of your questions without ever leaving Google, because they’ll put all that content there in those knowledge boxes in the first result.
To get to somebody’s website now using Google local search results takes about four clicks off of the knowledge graph or the knowledge panel for their listing. And so it does feel to me like they want us to inform them, but not necessarily send them to us.
As soon as you put a site on the web, Google can crawl it, scrape your data, and then put it in their search results with really no repercussions on their part. I think a lot of where they’re heading with the knowledge box, with the featured snippets, is mobile. They’re really trying to find a way to deliver answers as quickly and easily and efficiently as possible in a mobile environment. They’ve been thinking mobile first for years now. So I think that’s where they’re going with a lot of that. But there are still some opportunities in search results for cannabis businesses large and small.
The days when you’d go hire a web designer to design a nice site, find somebody to fill the site up with content, then turn to an SEO person to SEO it are really over. It’s because I think that SEO and content and even design of your website has really risen to the strategic level.
People ask me all the time: “When should I start SEO?” And my answer is always that there is no starting or stopping. SEO is happening whether you want it to or not. For anybody listening out there, go to Google, type your name or your business name, and you’re going to find things on the web that maybe you didn’t put there or didn’t intend to be there.
And in some cases there’s been businesses where you type their brand name in Google and then it says “scandal” after that in auto suggest. Those are never fun situations. So SEO is like this living, breathing thing that’s happening all of the time. There’s no beginning or end – and it’s great. The second you have the idea to put a website online, you need to bring in the SEO consultant or educate yourself on SEO to make sure you’re at least covering your bases. When we design cannabis websites today it’s after we’ve done keyword research, at least in my world, because the structure of the website is probably going to be dependent on how I want to show up long-term in the content game.
Research dictates the architecture. A common thing I see with all cannabis business owners is that they want to sell services and are not aligning landing pages for those services with the way your consumers are searching for them. They want to call their product or their service what they want to call it, not what their market’s calling it. And so that keyword research is going to help you figure out how your market is talking about the thing that you’re selling, and then be able to create the pages around them.
So when we bring on a client, it’d be great if we started with the blank piece of paper. But I’m guessing 99 percent of the time we’re unraveling something somebody’s been working on for a while. I often hear: “Hey, we’re not ranking and we don’t know. We’ve got a website, we’ve been blogging. Come help us.”
So, how do we start unpacking that?
Well, there’s two fundamental cornerstones. One is the keyword research. Everything has to begin with what do you want to rank for. So many people come wanting SEO advice and they have no idea what the goal is, or what they’re trying to rank for. So number one is a solid in-depth keyword research and analysis process where we are trying to find the keywords that align to their cannabis products and services.
So that part of it’s number one, along with making sure they have the pages, the content, etc., to align with that and actually drive traffic for those keywords.
But number two’s a solid site audit. It’s a common service now. It’s not fun, it’s not super sexy, it doesn’t necessarily always drive your rankings up. But it’s important – it needs to happen. A site audit is going to fine tune your website to make sure that when you do create content, when you do maybe acquire some back links or do some good PR campaign or something, that your site is set up for success, and that you’re not doing something by accident like blocking Google from accessing your site with your robots.txt file (which I’ve seen happen before).
So, all of these things are really like the two fundamental areas that I always begin an SEO engagement with.
Yesterday I received a call from a very popular scientific cannabis device manufacturer. They said “We’re not ranking for anything, I don’t know why. Will you take a look?” And so I took a look and yeah, nice website, nice structure, nice content. Somebody had done a lot of work on the page.
They had some links back to their site, with a lot of the things you normally look for. Yet they weren’t ranking for anything. And when you went into their search console, there were no penalties of any kind that I could find. It finally came down to the fact that their site just loaded so darn slow that Google just was whacking them really big time. We fixed that one thing and almost overnight they started ranking again.
So for ranking factors, I want to separate it from product and service pages versus content. They’re two very different things. So let’s talk about product and service pages first.
Number one, in my opinion, is a common mistake with all e-commerce sites. They want to rank for something, but they literally don’t have a page targeting that thing. I was working with a client that sells high end full spectrum lighting and they want to rank for cannabis grow lights. Guess what? They didn’t have a category page for that. So it’s kind of common sense. But that’s step number one – you need the page to target that topic or that product or thing that you want to rank for.
Once you have that page, a lot of people think like: “Oh, should I stuff keywords on it or put a paragraph of text above the product listings?” None of that really matters in the grand scheme of things. What I would say is once you have a page that you know what you want it to rank for, such as cannabis grow light, in your title tag have that keyword in the URL. Then it’s about having a great page that really engages and satisfies the user when they land on it from that search intent. And that’s a lot there, so I’ll unpack that a little bit.
You have to trace everything back to the intent of what the user wants to accomplish when they perform a search. So if somebody’s searching cannabis grow lights, that could be a transactional search. But it might be a browsing search where they’re researching what the best grow light is.
So guess what? If you’re an e-commerce site but you educate people when they land on your category page about what makes a great grow light – things like if it’s lightweight, has the best output, whatever that is – that’s a great page that helps engage that user with that intent when they land on it.
Google’s looking at that. Google’s trying to look at things like goal completions and people returning to the site. So all of those UX factors are super important for products and services.
Number two, believe it or not, is how much Google perceives your brand to be an authority around your topic. And there’s one very strong way that I think they’re doing this – brand search volume, and then brand search volume with your keyword after it.
So my company’s The Cannabis Marketing Lab. If people are going to The Cannabis Marketing Lab through Google, they type The Cannabis Marketing Lab audit as a search in Google. That’s a strong signal to Google that they’re actually looking for the service that I provide and that I’m a brand that’s reputable around that. So there’s a lot of ways we can get into to actually influence search behavior to do that.
Offline ads are huge. Instagram ads are huge. Which is funny because that’s not like SEO necessarily. It’s advertising in social media, but it all feeds back into the SEO. So it’s kind of a long-winded way to say that all these other factors surrounding your products and services really help that page rank.
But let me shift a little and talk about content ranking. And I’d love to chat about content marketing and SEO as well. If you have a blog post that you want to rank in Google, again you need to know what keyword you want to use to rank that post. That’s number one. The mistake people make is they have no idea what search term they even are targeting. But once you have that determined then there’s a few ranking factors in my opinion that are critical.
I mentioned UX, I mentioned brand, but topical linking is huge. So think about it from a user’s perspective.
Somebody goes to Google, they search how to tie a tie. That user might be interested in more content around fashion, around maintenance or how to use your clothing correctly, how to match outfits, whatever it is. So, on your blog post pages, you need to be linking to your categories of content as well as related pieces of content to help pull that user through the funnel, or through the journey of what they’re actually trying to do. Somebody is searching how to tie a tie, so think about what situation they might be in. Are they going to a wedding, are they going to a prom? Think about what are they doing and think about how you can link to your other resources one click away from that article on your site to help guide them through that process.
And then the last thing I’ll mention here is storytelling. I was working with a client. This was a huge (I can’t mention them) but very well-known client. They wanted to publish content for dispensary workers. Yet when I reviewed Google for the content that was ranking very well for dispensary worker searches, everybody was doing a great job telling stories.
The content ranking was by actual human beings, like authors that people could relate to as a human being. They could read their story and resonate with that. My client wasn’t doing any of that. They weren’t telling a story. They weren’t getting the reader personally invested with the author who was writing that content.
Here’s one example of story-telling: Dispensary work. That’s a very personal, contact space. And so actually telling a story to reveal who you are as a bud tender, and get that author to stick on your content, because they want to learn more and find out more about you as a person. That’s a huge ranking factor.
So great UX, brand, search volume, topical linking, storytelling – huge ranking factors that really aren’t talked about a lot in the cannabis sector. But they are super important.
There’s a lot of folks that just really haven’t had any content. They’re waking up to it and realizing they need to, but it’s kind of like they’re almost starting from zero. And there’s a lot of SEO-branded content out there that is really trying to teach people how to write that one big unicorn post that’s going to get them thousands of visits over so many days or so many months.
How do you kind of reconcile that with the fact that a lot of businesses – most small cannabis businesses anyway – need to kind of view traffic as an asset rather than a couple of home runs?
I am well aware of the realities of the (sometimes) minimal resources that small, medium cannabis businesses have. So, sure, if you have the resources or if you’re just sitting around because you have tons of extra time – you’re not married, you don’t have kids, you want to create some massive guide or piece of content – great. But most people don’t have that. So, there’s still ways to find topics, create content, and drive good amounts of traffic with posts that are not these 5,000-word mammoth pieces of content.
One example I’ll give you is I had a client. The client had a very similar situation – small website, low domain authority. I did some keyword research for them and I gave them a topic. I gave them 10 topics actually. They wrote about all 10, but one of those in particular did so well that after six months they had 35,000 visits from Google. And the first 90 days they had like 2,000, but Google takes some time to kind of ramp up in terms of your rankings.
Now this piece of content was not some earth shattering 10,000 e-Book or guide. It was maybe a thousand word blog post that I’m guessing probably took their writer maybe five or six hours to do. But it was all about pointing in the right direction. It was all about aiming.
And that’s what a lot of people are not taking advantage of when it comes to content marketing and SEO. They’re just throwing out blog posts. There’s no strategy behind it and there’s no aiming at the topic that has opportunity.
I think the first thing to do is make sure you’re measuring everything correctly. So for anybody out there that has something like that make sure to go to your assisted conversions in Google Analytics.
First of all make, sure you have some kind of goal tracking set up to even measure this. But then once you do go to assisted conversions and go to it by landing pages, look to see if that content is actually driven first click or assisted conversions. That’s where I’ve talked to so many marketing managers, content managers, and they say, “Well our content doesn’t convert.” But then I go into their assisted conversions and I’m like, “Nope, it actually does if you look at first click.” This is because oftentimes it’s the first discovery channel. So make sure they’re doing that.
Number two, make sure that you have a secondary or other conversions – a light touch point conversions that people can be doing. Is it signing up for an email list, is it just simply maybe following on social media? Make sure that you’re measuring that because not every visit of course is going to be a customer right away on the first visit. So there’s other secondary conversions.
That content’s going to provide value in other ways. I’ve seen that if you drive traffic from a piece of content like that around a topic it can have a great result.
I had a client in the cannabis safety space. We created for him a piece of content about cannabis safety. It drove tons of traffic. It was their most trafficked piece of content ever. Did it convert? No, it was nowhere near conversions or anything like that. But we saw their rankings for their cannabis safety products improve after we published that piece of content because Google saw, “Okay, this company is relevant around this topic of cannabis safety.” And so that’s a huge value point.
And the last thing I’ll just mention too is that once you start ranking and driving traffic for content, people are visiting your website, now you’re going to rank higher in their personalized search, you’re actually going to rank higher because now you’re personalized and you’re in their search history. So, there’s a lot of extra value. I think people should be thinking about leveraging that piece of content, cross-linking to things that do convert, leveraging that content maybe more for PR, link building.
Not every piece of content’s going to be a conversion machine. But traffic’s traffic. And there is definitely value to free traffic from Google.